Some JavaScript API Coding With Restify & Express & Hacking it With cURL …Segment #2

Ah, part 2! If you’re looking for part 1, click this link.

Review: In the last blog entry I went through more than a few examples of using cURL to issue GET requests against various end points using Node.js & Restify. I also covered the basics on where to go to find cURL in case it isn’t installed. The last part I covered was a little bit of WebStorm info to boot. In this part of the series I’m now going to dive into the HTTP verbs beyond GET.

POST

The practice around issuing a command via http verb to save data is via a post. When you issue a post via cURL use the -X followed by POST to designate a post verb, then -H to assign the content type parameter. In this particular example I’ve set it to application/json since my payload of data will be JSON format. Then add the final data with a -d option, followed by the actual data.

[sourcecode language=”bash”]curl -X POST -H "Content-Type: application/json" -d ‘{"uuid":"79E5591A-1E54-4562-A276-AFC266F54390","webid":"56E62C3A-D6BC-4F4F-B72A-E6CE081190B6"}’ http://localhost:3000/ident%5B/sourcecode%5D

Other data types can be sent, which the content type can be appropriately set for including; html, json, script, text or html. One example of this same command, issued with jQuery on the client side would actually look like this.

[sourcecode language=”javascript”]
var data = {"uuid":"79E5591A-1E54-4562-A276-AFC266F54390","webid":"56E62C3A-D6BC-4F4F-B72A-E6CE081190B6"};

$.post( "http://localhost:3000/ident", function( data ) {
$( ".result" ).html( data );
});
[/sourcecode]

When building post end points via express one of the things you may run into is the following message being displayed in the console.

[sourcecode language=”bash”]
/usr/local/bin/node app.js
connect.multipart() will be removed in connect 3.0
visit https://github.com/senchalabs/connect/wiki/Connect-3.0 for alternatives
connect.limit() will be removed in connect 3.0
[/sourcecode]

The immediate fix for this, until the changes are made (which may or may not mean to just alwasy  is to replace this line

[sourcecode language=”javascript”]
app.use(express.bodyParser());
[/sourcecode]

with these lines

[sourcecode language=”javascript”]
app.use(express.json());
app.use(express.urlencoded());
[/sourcecode]

So here’s some common examples for use from a great write up on writing basic RESTful APIs with Node.js and Express from the Modulus blog.

[sourcecode language=”javascript”]
var express = require(‘express’);
var app = express();

app.use(express.json());
app.use(express.urlencoded());

var quotes = [
{ author : ‘Audrey Hepburn’, text : "Nothing is impossible, the word itself says ‘I’m possible’!"},
{ author : ‘Walt Disney’, text : "You may not realize it when it happens, but a kick in the teeth may be the best thing in the world for you"},
{ author : ‘Unknown’, text : "Even the greatest was once a beginner. Don’t be afraid to take that first step."},
{ author : ‘Neale Donald Walsch’, text : "You are afraid to die, and you’re afraid to live. What a way to exist."}
];

app.get(‘/’, function(req, res) {
res.json(quotes);
});

app.get(‘/quote/random’, function(req, res) {
var id = Math.floor(Math.random() * quotes.length);
var q = quotes[id];
res.json(q);
});

app.get(‘/quote/:id’, function(req, res) {
if(quotes.length <= req.params.id || req.params.id < 0) {
res.statusCode = 404;
return res.send(‘Error 404: No quote found’);
}

var q = quotes[req.params.id];
res.json(q);
});

app.post(‘/quote’, function(req, res) {
if(!req.body.hasOwnProperty(‘author’) ||
!req.body.hasOwnProperty(‘text’)) {
res.statusCode = 400;
return res.send(‘Error 400: Post syntax incorrect.’);
}

var newQuote = {
author : req.body.author,
text : req.body.text
};

quotes.push(newQuote);
res.json(true);
});

app.listen(process.env.PORT || 3412);
[/sourcecode]

This is a great little snippet of code to use for testing your curling against just to check out.

References: