This is a continuation of my posts on relational databases, started here. Previous posts on this theme, “Data Modeling“, “Let’s Talk About Database Schema“, “The Exasperating Topic of Database Indexes“, and “The Keys & Relationships of Relational Databases“.
Query optimization refers to the process of selecting the most efficient way to execute a SQL query. The goal is to retrieve the requested data as quickly and efficiently as possible, making the best use of system resources. Given that there can be multiple strategies to retrieve the same set of data, the optimizer’s role is to choose the best one based on factors like data distribution, statistics, and available resources.